The caricature is the artistic technique that makes portraits of people exaggerating the most representative features of these. Its goal is to ridicule or make fun of the person who is caricaturing.
Despite exaggerating the features should always maintain the resemblance to the person to not lose its usefulness of portrait.
The caricature has its origin in the north of Italy at the end of the 16th century. It was used to portray tourists who visited the area.
Currently, apart from tourist memory, it is widely used to make political satire in magazines and comic strips
How to make portraits of cartoons
The first thing that we must do to begin to realize the caricature is to observe the head of the portrayed. We must classify it according to its constitution: it can be a hard face (muscular with very marked jaws), thin (very prominent cheekbones), delicate (soft lines and curves), mental (clear and prominent front), plump (very bulky and thick ), etc.
Here are some graphic examples:
Once we know who is in front of us, we study their most marked features. We look at the elements that most attract our attention.
We start with the eyes. These can have many shapes and sizes: small, large, torn, half-closed …
According to their position, they also emphasize the individual’s complexion.
On the left, we show three examples that we can obtain according to the position that the eyes have on the face.
The eyebrows reflect the mood of the people. According to the inclination can show anger, surprise, sadness, joy.
Look at the eyebrows of the person you want to draw and reflect them in your portrait.
They also have different sizes and shapes. In the figure on the right, we have some examples.
We have in the chart below examples of eyes that we can find.
Normally, at the same height of the eyes, we find the ears.
If the person we portray has ears outs we should take advantage of them to exaggerate them much more in the cartoon.
In case of having the ears very close to the head, we can simply hide them in the drawing.
Another distinctive feature of people in the nose:
Then, and looking more down, we found our mouths.
What characterizes the mouth is the size of the lips. In the chart on the right with 6 examples to go looking at the forms:
Teeth are another factor to consider when we perform cartoon portraits. We can draw them from the simplest (without defining the teeth), detail the front teeth, small teeth, nicked teeth.
A graphic resource used by cartoonists to illustrate the evil or goodness of the illustrated is to place the teeth in one position or another.
If the teeth protrude from the lower jaw, it reflects algial malformations, whereas if the teeth are from the upper jaw, our character takes on a peaceful and good-natured air.