Big issues of mental health awareness

A day to raise awareness about a problem of high prevalence, surrounded by stigma, myths without scientific basis and the suffering of millions of people. IntraMed offers a selection of articles on the subject.

Mental health today

1 – Reconsidering the diagnosis in psychiatry

In psychiatry, the value of diagnosis is continuously questioned. There is difficulty in defining the initial stages of incipient mental disorders. With the editorial comment of Dr. Marcelo Cetkovich.

2 – Why do the mentally ill die before the general population?

Almost 80% of excess deaths in people with mental illness is due to their physical health. The gap in people with alcoholism and other addictions can reach 20 years.

Mental illness and comorbidities

1 – Depression and somatic diseases

Depression is a prevalent, usually chronic, disorder that affects the quality of life and the performance of patients and may favor the appearance of somatic diseases such as cardiovascular disorders, stroke, obesity, Alzheimer’s disease, and cancer.

2 – The relationship between depression and inflammation

The nascent awareness of the interplay between stress, inflammation, and depression can broaden the therapeutic approach.

3 – Depression in patients with acute coronary syndromes

Depression should be considered a risk factor for mortality from any cause, mortality from cardiovascular causes and cardiac events in patients suffering from acute coronary syndromes (AHA).

4 – Variables linked to the comorbid relationship between obesity and depression

Some variables linked to the association between depression and obesity were recognized, among which the magnitude of obesity, socioeconomic level, and stigmatization experience stand out.

5 – Treatment of depression in patients with clinical diseases

Patients with depression and clinical diseases have higher morbidity and lower performance than individuals with depression, without comorbidities; also, the recovery rates are lower and have more relapses.

6 – Depression in the ICU: often overlooked

Depression is five times more common than is the TSPT after a critical illness and somatic symptoms predominate.

7 – Effects of Citalopram in patients with acute stroke

The objective of the TALOS study will be to determine the efficacy and safety of citalopram in patients with acute stroke, in terms of neuroprotection and the prevention of new vascular events.

8 – Antidepressants can be drugs of abuse

Although antidepressants are not specifically included in the available epidemiological studies, they are known to contribute to the morbidity generated by the misuse of psychotropic drugs.

Depression

1 – Depression in the elderly

Depression in the elderly is frequent and carries a greater risk of suicide than in other age groups. There are effective treatments, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and psychotherapy. 2 – Postpartum Depression From mood changes to manic episodes, a pathology that requires the alert of the staff that attends puerperal.




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