Rhabdomyolysis, the dark side of high-resistance workouts

Rhabdomyolysis results in the death or breakage of muscle tissue resulting from inadequate training.

For El Salvador

High-intensity training has become a worldwide trend. More and more people are subjected to routines based on the ” less time, maximum benefit” principle.

Crossfit, Spinning, workout and any activity that is done with sun exposure are considered as high-intensity training; in recent decades its effectiveness has caught the lovers of Fitness and all those who make sport a lifestyle and is that not only help to achieve more resistance to the body but also facilitate losing an optimal level of calories, fat and tone muscles

But what happens when the obsession with wanting to reach the dreamed physicist in record time puts health at risk?

There is a scenario in which training at high-intensity intervals is not recommended and this is called Rhabdomyolysis.

“Hydration and nutrition are very important for muscle health”, Francisco Herrara, doctor of sports medicine.

Rhabdomyolysis occurs when a person demands their body beyond their abilities and is so dangerous that it can end in kidney failure.

Dr. Francisco Herrara, a specialist in sports medicine and medical staff member of the National Soccer Team, describes it as the death or breakage of muscles exposed to severe dehydration.
“Rhabdomyolysis is a sequel to certain events, mainly traumas or strong impacts on the musculature”, adds the professional.

Who does it affect?

This problem can affect all people who love exercise and athletes, especially amateur athletes who are not subject to adequate training and hydration plan.

“We believe that the more we sweat, the more weight we lose and forget that sweat is not fat or sugar, on the contrary, it is water and electrolytes,” says Dr. Herrara, founder of Medicenter Sport.

The muscle needs a certain amount of water and electrolytes to stretch and contract when there is not enough fluid it starts to die because the blood vessels start to produce thicker blood.

Symptoms of Rhabdomyolysis
Generalized weakness
Symptoms of Adynamia (total absence of physical strength)
Vomiting
Loss of liquids
Muscle pain
Excessive fatigue

If the rhabdomyolysis is presented by trauma or by a suture (badly elaborated), it presents exaggerated inflammation, hardness and reddish color in the affected part.

How to prevent it?

For the specialist, the best way to prevent it is proper hydration. Commonly you have the idea that the body needs only water to hydrate, water is basic, but sweating also loses sodium, potassium, magnesium, so it is necessary to add these elements and you can do it through food.

“The biggest drop out in gyms is because of pain in the legs and arms and many believe that the pain is normal. After a routine this can last 5 or 10 minutes if the pain lasts longer is a sign that it is taking the body beyond their capabilities, ” Francisco Herrara, doctor of sports medicine.

For those who perform outdoor exercises, it is always recommended to take adequate protection measures in order to avoid sunstroke.

It also becomes important to wear suitable clothing for training, fabrics for sports have the ability to absorb sweat and keep the body cool.

Take into account, achieve your goals requires a process of adaptation, if you are a beginner performs low-intensity exercises that allow the body to accommodate, this will take a month, then you can increase the intensity.

If you are about to start the gym starts with cardiovascular exercise, an average of 15 to 20 minutes at low intensity, you can start on a treadmill and bicycle, then you increase by 5 minutes each time you perform your routine. Routines are recommended three days a week. Each week you can increase in intensity and time. If you work muscles start with little weight (5 to 10 kilos). Each week it increases until it reaches a high density.

The rhabdomyolysis affects especially amateur athletes or people with strong training, less frequently occurs in high-performance athletes whose muscles are subjected to intense routines from childhood.